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广东专插本英语必考时态汇总(二)
2020-10-09 14:04:26    来源:广东专插本    点击:

  很多同学在广东专插本考试中,英语考试都是重中之重,那今天广东专插本特意为大家带来广东专插本英语必考时态汇总(二)的详细讲解,希望能帮助大家顺利备考哦。预祝大家考试成功哦。

广东专插本英语必考时态汇总(二)

  广东专插本英语必考的时态用法汇总:(四)一般将来时

  1、一般将来时的定义

  一般将来时表示在现在看来即将要发生的动作或存在的状态。常用时间副词tomorrow, soon或短语next year / week / month, in a few days, in the future, sometime 做状语。如:

  What will you do this afternoon. 你今天下午干什么?

  We will have a meeting tomorrow. 我们明天要开会。

  He is going to study abroad next year. 明年他要出国学习。

  2、一般将来时的结构及应用

  (1) shall / will + 动词原形。表示即将发生的动作或存在的状态。特别是表示客观性的事情或在某条件下要发生的事情,只能用此结构。如:

  What shall we do if he doesn’t come? 如果他不来,我们该怎么办?

  Will you be free this evening? 今天晚上有空吗?

  I think he will tell us the truth. 我想他会告诉我们真实情况的。

  (2) be going to + 动词原形。表示已经计划或安排好了的事情,也可表示有迹象表明肯定要发生的事情。如:

  We are going to have a meeting to discuss the matter this evening. 今天晚上开会讨论这件事情。

  Look at the black clouds over there. I think it is going to rain soon. 看一看那边的乌云,我想天要下雨了。

  There is going to be an English evening this week. 本周要举行一个英语晚会。

  (3) be to + 动词原形。表示一种常规性的活动或注定要做的事情。如:

  Who is to clean the classroom today? 今天该谁打扫教室了?

  When are you to return your library book? 你什么时候要还图书?

  The bridge is to be completed by the end of this year. 这渡桥该在今年年底前完工。

  (4) be about to + 动词原形。表示就要做或正好要做的事情。往往暗含一种时间上的巧合,因此,句子不能再用时间状语。如:

  Don’t leave. Li Lei is about to come. 不要走了,李蕾就要来了。

  Be quiet. The concert is about to start. 安静下来,音乐演唱会就要开始了。

  (5) be +现在分词。表示即将发生的动作或存在的状态。这个句型中动词主要是瞬间动词:come, go, leave, arrive, begin, start, stop, close, open, die, join, borrow, buy等。如:

  Go ahead, and I’m coming. 走前面一点吧,我就来。

  The dog is dying. 那条狗要死了。

  Hurry up. The shop is closing. 快点,商店就要关门了。

  (6) 一般现在时。表示一种严格按照计划进行的动作。比方说,上课、飞机起飞、火车离站等。如:

  Don’t hurry. The meeting starts at a quarter past eight. 不要匆忙,回忆八点过一刻开始。

  The bus goes back at four thirty. 汽车四点返回。

  广东专插本英语必考的时态用法汇总:(五)一般过去时

  1、一般过去时的定义

  一般过去时表示过去某一时候或某一段时间所发生了的事情或存在的状态。常与过去时间yesterday, this morning, just now, a moment ago, in May, last night / year / week, once upon a time, the other day, before …, when – clause, in the past连用。如:

  What did you do yesterday? 昨天你干了什么?

  I met Lin Tao this morning. 今天上午我会到了林涛。

  I was there a moment ago. 刚才我在那儿。

  2、一般过去时的应用

  (1) 表示过去某时所发生的动作或存在的状态。如:

  Liu Ying was in America last year. 刘英去年在美国。

  Jim rang you just now. 吉姆刚才给你打了电话。

  (2) 表示过去经常或反复发生的动作。常接时间副词often, usually, always, sometimes, every day / week, etc. 如:

  We often went out for a walk after supper. 我们过去常在晚饭后散步。

  We usually played together. 我们通常一起玩。

  一般过去时对谓语动词的要求

  一般过去时的谓语动词要用动词的过去式。动词过去式的构成分规则变化和不规则变化两种形式,不规则变化通常需要逐个记忆,规则变化则遵循以下原则:

  (1) 一般在动词后加-ed。如:

  play—played, offer—offered, weigh—weighed, destroy— destroyed, sign—signed.

  (2) 在以字母e结尾的动词后,只加-d。如:

  like—liked, provide—provided, hate — hated, date—dated。

  (3) 在以“辅音字母+y”结尾的动词后,则改y为i,再加—ed。如:

  supply—supplied, fly—flied, study— studied.

  (4) 在以单短元音的重读闭音节结尾且,末尾只有一个辅音字母的动词后,双写最后一个辅音字母,再加-ed。如:

  plan—planned, refer—referred, regret—regretted, ban—banned.

  特别说明

  有些动词的过去时,如:expect, hope, intend, plan, wanted 等一般过去时,后接不定式的完成时;或它们的过去完成时接不定式的一般式,都可表示过去未曾实现的意图、打算或希望。如:

  I hoped to have been invited to his wedding party. —I had hoped to be invited to his wedding ceremony. 我本希望他来邀请我参加他的婚礼。

  I intended to have joined their games. —I had intended to join their games. 我本打算参加他们的比赛。

  广东专插本英语必考的时态用法汇总:(六)过去将来时

  1、过去将来时的定义

  过去将来时主要用于表示过去某个时候看来即将发生的动作或存在的状态。如:

  He said he would come here next Friday. 他说他下周星期五来这儿。

  I knew that he would help us when we were in trouble. 我知道当我们陷入困境时它会帮助我们。

  2、过去将来时的结构

  (1) would + 动词原形。如:

  She told us that she would try her best to catch up with other classmates this term. 她告诉我们说她将一切努力在本期赶上其他同学们。

  When you asked Li Lei for help, he would never refuse you. 过去当你请她帮忙时,他绝不会拒绝。

  (2) was / were going to + 动词原形。如:

  He told us that he was going to attend the meeting. 他告诉我说他要参加那次会议。

  He said that I was going to be sent to meet her at the railway station. 他说将要拍我去火车站接她

  (3) was / were to + 动词原形。如:

  The building was to be completed next month. 这座建筑改在下个月竣工。

  Li Lei was to arrive soon. 李蕾很快就要到了。

  (4) was / were about to + 动词原形。如:

  We were about to leave there when it began to rain heavily and suddenly. 就在我们要离开时,天突然下起了大雨。

  He was about to have lunch when the bell rang. 就在他要吃中饭的时候,门铃响起来了。

  (5) was / were +现在分词。如:

  He was leaving the next day. 他第二天要走了。

  We were informed that the leaders were coming to our school soon. 我们接到通知说领导们很快要来我们学校。

  3、过去将来时的用法

  (1) 过去将来时,一般用于主句为过去时的宾语从句中。如:

  He said he would stay with us. 他说他要与我们呆在一起。

  He said he would never go there again. 他说他绝不会再去那儿。

  (2) 过去将来时,用于虚拟语气中,如:

  If I were you, I would not do that. 要是我是你的话,我就不会那样做。

  If he were here, he would show us how to do it. 如果他在这儿,他就会向我们展示该如何做了。

  拓展

  was / were going to + 动词原形;was / were to + 动词原形;was / were about to + 动词原形等结构都可表达当时一种未曾实现的意图或打算。如:

  The conference was going to be held the next month. 会议下个月开。

  We were to have our class at eight. 八点我们该上课了。

  I was about to tell him about it when Wu Dong got in. 就在我要告诉他时,吴东进来了。

  广东专插本英语必考的时态用法汇总:(七)现在进行时

  1、现在进行时的定义

  现在进行时主要用于表示目前正在进行的动作,有时也可表示现阶段在进行的动作。如:

  The teacher is giving us an English lesson. 老师正在给我们上英语课。

  The farmers are getting in their crops. 农民们正在收割庄稼。

  We are making preparations for the conference. 我们一直在为会议作准备。

  2、现在进行时的结构

  现在进行时由“am / is / are + 现在分词”构成。如:

  I’m studying at Yu Cai Senior Middle school. 我在育才中学读书。

  He is writing on the desk. 他再课桌上写字。

  They are talking about their visiting the Great Wall. 他们在谈论游长城的事情。

  【说明】动词现在分词的构成方法:

  (1) 一般在动词后加-ing。如:

  say—saying, play—playing, think—thinking, study—studying, teach —teaching, blow—blowing, build—building.

  (2) 动词若以-e结尾, 则去e再加-ing。如:

  love—loving, make—making, guide—guiding, date—dating.

  (3) 在以单短元音的重读闭音节结尾,且末尾只有一个辅音字母的动词后,双写最后一个辅音字母,再加-ing。如:

  begin—beginning, regret—regretting, plan—planning, ban — banning.

  (4) 在以ie结尾的动词后,改ie为y,再加-ing。如:

  lie—lying, die—dying, tie—tying.

  (5) 在以-c[k] 结尾的动词后加-king。如:

  picnic—picnicking, panic—panicking.

  3、现在进行时的应用

  (1) 表示目前正在发生或进行的动作。如:

  They are planting trees on the mountain. 他们在山上植树。

  Mother is preparing supper in the kitchen. 母亲在厨房做晚饭。

  (2) 有些非持续性动词的进行时可以表示动作即将进行或发生,或表示动作的重复。如:

  He is joining the army. 他要参军了。

  They are buying the house. 他们要买那座房子。

  (3) 当现在进行时中有always, forever, constantly, continually修饰时,表示说话人的赞赏或厌烦的感情。如:

  Why is the baby always crying? 为什么那个老是在哭。

  They are always helping us. 他们总是帮助我们。

  注意:表示状态、感觉、心理活动的静态动词,一般不使用语进行时态。

  4、现在进行时与一般现在时的区别

  (1) 现在进行时强调目前正在进行的动作,而一般现在时强调经常性或习惯性的动作。如:

  I’m reading a story now. 我在看一个故事。(目前正在干的事情)

  I read stories in my spare time. 我有空时看故事。(经常性的行为)

  (2) 现在进行时强调现阶段一直在进行的动作,而一般现在时只表动作的重复,而不表示动作的持续。如:

  What are you doing these days? 这几天你在干什么?

  They are learning English in the summer holiday. 他们暑假在学英语。

  They read English every day. 他们每天读英语。

  They play volleyball every Sunday. 他们每周星期天都打排球。

  (3) 表示短促动作的动词(如 jump, knock, beat, pick, skip等)的进行时,表示动作的重复。如:

  The girls are jumping over there. 女孩子们在那边跳。

  His heart is beating fast. 他的心脏跳得很快。

  (5) 某些表示希望或想法的动词(如hope, wonder, want等)的进行时可以表示委婉客气。如:

  I’m wondering whether you can help us now. 我不知道你现在能否给我们帮一忙。

  I’m hoping that you will succeed. 我正在希望你成功呢。

  以上就是关于广东专插本英语必考时态汇总(二)的简要介绍了,希望大家能够取得自己心仪的成绩。如有更多想要知道广东的相关资讯,如广东专插本院校、复习备考、专业目录。敬请关注广东专插本(www.lykjzc.cn/)。

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